COVID-19 Fact Sheet
5/12/2020 4:03:00 PM
What is coronavirus disease 2019
Coronaviruses are a type of virus (germ) that can cause cold-like
symptoms and sometimes serious problems with lungs and
breathing. COVID-19 is a novel (new) coronavirus.
What are the symptoms of COVID-19?
Mild to severe respiratory illness, or problems with lungs and
breathing. Symptoms include:
• Cough or shortness of breath.
Or at least two of these symptoms:
• Fever, chills, repeated shaking with chills,
muscle pain, headache, sore throat, or new
loss of taste or smell.
How does COVID-19 spread?
Person to person by coughing, sneezing, or personal contact
like touching or shaking hands. Someone with mild symptoms
may spread the disease without knowing they are sick.
Who is most at risk?
Anyone can get COVID-19. Those at risk of severe illness
• Elders and adults over 60 years of age,
• People with heart disease, lung disease, or diabetes
How can I protect myself and my
Stay at home. “Social distancing” is recommended. This
means keeping your family at home and away from others who
may be sick.
• If you must go out, wear a mask or bandana and try to stay
6 feet away from others.
• Avoid gatherings with other people.
• Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
• Do not shake hands, hug, or touch others.
• Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20
seconds or use hand sanitizer.
Have there been cases of COVID-19 in
Yes, there have been cases in all 50 states.
If someone gets sick, what can they do?
• If someone thinks they have been around someone
with COVID-19 and they get a fever and symptoms
such as cough or trouble breathing, they should call
their healthcare provider or Nimkee Clinic at
989-775-4670 for medical advice.
• In an emergency, call 911.
• People who are mildly sick with COVID-19 do not need to
see a healthcare provider and are able to recover at home.
• Cover coughs and sneezes with a tissue, then throw the
tissue in the trash and wash hands.
• Stay home and away from others for 14 days to avoid
getting others sick.
• Caregivers should keep sick family members away from
others in the home and clean and disinfect surfaces and
items that are touched often, like door handles, sink
handles, toilets, remote controls, etc.
Is there a vaccine or treatment?
There is no vaccine. The best way to reduce the risk of getting
sick with COVID-19 is to practice social distancing and healthy
habits like washing hands regularly.
There is no specific treatment for COVID-19, but medical care
can help relieve symptoms. If you are sick, call your healthcare
provider for instructions.
This publication was supported by Cooperative Agreement U254IHS0001-01-00, funded by the Indian Health Service.
Effective May 5, 2020
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